Upper Back and Shoulder Blade Pathologies


  1. Scapular Fractures: These are relatively rare and usually occur as a result of significant trauma, such as a fall or a motor vehicle accident.
  2. Scapular Winging: This is a condition where the shoulder blade protrudes from a person’s back in an abnormal position. It’s often caused by nerve damage leading to weakness or paralysis of the muscles around the scapula.
  3. Snapping Scapula Syndrome: This condition is characterized by a cracking sound or sensation in the scapula area, often due to bursitis, bone abnormalities, or soft tissue damage.
  4. Scapulothoracic Bursitis: This is inflammation of the bursa between the scapula and the rib cage. It can cause pain and limited movement of the shoulder.
  5. Scapular Dyskinesis: This is an alteration in the normal position or motion of the scapula during shoulder movement. It’s often related to injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain and dysfunction.
  6. Sprengel’s Deformity: This is a congenital condition where the shoulder blade is too high on one side of the body. It’s often associated with other conditions, such as Klippel-Feil syndrome.
  7. Osteochondroma: This is a benign bone tumor that can occur on the scapula, causing pain and potentially leading to issues with shoulder movement.
  8. Scapular Tumors: In addition to osteochondromas, other benign or malignant tumors can occur in the scapula, though these are relatively rare.