Herniated Disc: This condition occurs when the soft inner portion of a spinal disc protrudes through the tougher outer layer. It can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back and legs.
Sciatica: This is a symptom, often associated with a herniated disc, that includes pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve, which branches from your lower back through your hips and buttocks and down each leg.
Spinal Stenosis: This is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. It often occurs in the lower back and neck.
Spondylolisthesis: This condition occurs when one vertebra slips forward over the one below it. It can cause lower back pain and leg pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease: This is a condition where the spinal discs, which act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae, break down with age. It can lead to pain, weakness, or numbness.
Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that can affect the lower back, causing pain and stiffness.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: This is a condition that causes pain in the lower back and/or the buttocks, often due to abnormal motion in the sacroiliac joint.
Ankylosing Spondylitis: This is a type of arthritis that affects the spine, causing pain and stiffness from the neck down to the lower back.
Lumbar Radiculopathy: This is a condition caused by damage to the nerve roots in the lumbar region of the spine, leading to pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back and legs.
Spinal Tumors: These are growths that develop on the bones and ligaments of the spine, on the spinal cord, or on nerve roots. They can be benign or malignant.