Knee Pathologies


  1. Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that often affects the knees. It involves the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in the knee joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and sometimes swelling.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease that can cause inflammation in the knee joint, leading to pain, swelling, and sometimes deformity.
  3. Meniscus Tears: The menisci are pieces of cartilage that act as shock absorbers between the thigh bone and shin bone. They can be torn during activities that put pressure or rotate the knee.
  4. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury: This is a common injury in sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction. It can cause pain, swelling, and instability in the knee.
  5. Patellar Tendinitis: This is inflammation and irritation of the tendon that connects the kneecap to the shinbone. It’s often caused by repetitive stress on the knee, especially from jumping activities.
  6. Bursitis: This is inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the outside of the knee joint. It can cause pain and swelling.
  7. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner’s Knee): This is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the kneecap. It’s common in athletes and in people who do a lot of running or jumping.
  8. Gout: This is a type of arthritis that occurs when urate crystals accumulate in the knee joint, causing inflammation and intense pain.
  9. Baker’s Cyst: This is a fluid-filled cyst that causes a bulge and a feeling of tightness behind the knee. It’s often the result of a problem with the knee joint, such as arthritis or a cartilage tear.
  10. Chondromalacia Patellae (Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome): This is damage to the cartilage under the kneecap. It’s often caused by overuse, injury, or other factors that put extra stress on the knee.