Hand Pathologies


  1. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: This is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. It occurs when the median nerve, which runs through the wrist, becomes compressed or pinched.
  2. Arthritis: This is a group of conditions marked by inflammation in the joints that causes stiffness and pain. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two types that commonly affect the hand.
  3. Dupuytren’s Contracture: This is a hand deformity that usually develops over years. The condition affects a layer of tissue that lies under the skin of your palm, causing knots of tissue to form under the skin, eventually creating a thick cord that can pull one or more fingers into a bent position.
  4. Ganglion Cysts: These are noncancerous lumps that most commonly develop along the tendons or joints of your wrists or hands. They are generally round or oval and are filled with a jellylike fluid.
  5. Trigger Finger: This condition, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a condition in which one of your fingers or your thumb catches in a bent position and then straightens with a snap — like a trigger being pulled and released.
  6. De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis: This condition causes pain and swelling in the wrist and the base of the thumb, due to inflammation of the tendons.
  7. Fractures and Dislocations: These are common injuries that can happen to the bones and joints in the hand.
  8. Tendonitis: This is inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a thick cord that attaches bone to muscle. In the hand, it commonly affects the tendons that pull the fingers or thumb into a fist.
  9. Nerve Injuries: These can result from cuts, pressure, or stretching of the nerves in the hand, leading to numbness, weakness, or paralysis of the hand or arm.
  10. Skin Disorders: Conditions like eczema and psoriasis can also affect the skin of the hands.
  11. Infections: Infections can occur in the skin (cellulitis), in the tendons (tenosynovitis), in the joints (septic arthritis), or in the bone (osteomyelitis).