Forearm and Elbow Pathologies

Pathologies:

  1. Fractures: These are common injuries that can affect the radius and ulna, the two bones of the forearm. Fractures can occur as a result of trauma, such as a fall or a direct blow.
  2. Compartment Syndrome: This is a serious condition that involves increased pressure in a muscle compartment. It can lead to muscle and nerve damage and problems with blood flow.
  3. Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis): This is a painful condition that occurs when tendons in your elbow are overloaded, usually by repetitive motions of the wrist and arm.
  4. Golfer’s Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis): This condition is similar to tennis elbow, but it occurs on the inside, rather than the outside, of the elbow. It’s also caused by overuse and stress.
  5. Elbow Bursitis: This is inflammation of the bursa, a small, fluid-filled sac that cushions the elbow joint.
  6. Elbow Arthritis: This includes osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear arthritis), rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease), and post-traumatic arthritis (which occurs after an injury).
  7. Elbow Fractures: These include fractures of the distal humerus, radial head, and olecranon. They can occur as a result of trauma, such as a fall or a direct blow.
  8. Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: This condition occurs when the ulnar nerve, which passes close to the surface of the skin at the elbow, becomes compressed or irritated.
  9. Elbow Dislocation: This is a common injury that occurs when the joint surfaces in the elbow are separated. This can happen as a result of trauma, such as a fall or a direct blow.
  10. Olecranon Bursitis: This is inflammation of the bursa located at the tip of the elbow, causing swelling and pain.
  11. Triceps Tendonitis: This is inflammation or irritation of the triceps tendon, which can cause pain and limited movement of the elbow.
  12. Elbow Sprains: These are injuries to the ligaments that hold the elbow bones together, which can occur when these ligaments are stretched or torn.
  13. Radial Tunnel Syndrome: This condition occurs when the radial nerve is compressed at the elbow, causing pain in the forearm.
  14. Ulnar Neuropathy: This condition occurs when the ulnar nerve, which passes close to the surface of the skin at the elbow, becomes compressed or irritated.
  15. Forearm Splints: This is an overuse injury that is caused by repetitive overloading of the forearm muscles. It’s common in sports that involve throwing and swinging.
  16. Infections: Infections can occur in the skin (cellulitis), in the muscles (myositis), or in the bone (osteomyelitis).
  17. Tendonitis: This is inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a thick cord that attaches bone to muscle. In the forearm, it commonly affects the tendons that move the wrist and fingers.
  18. Muscle Strains: These are injuries to muscles or tendons, which are the thick, fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. They occur due to overstretching or tearing of the muscle or tendon.