Foot Pathologies


  1. Plantar Fasciitis: This is inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes. It’s one of the most common causes of heel pain.
  2. Bunions: These are bony bumps that form on the joint at the base of your big toe. They occur when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place.
  3. Morton’s Neuroma: This is a painful condition that affects the ball of your foot, most commonly the area between your third and fourth toes. Morton’s neuroma may feel as if you are standing on a pebble in your shoe or on a fold in your sock.
  4. Hammer Toe: This is a deformity that causes your toe to bend or curl downward instead of pointing forward. This deformity can affect any toe on your foot.
  5. Gout: This is a type of arthritis that occurs when urate crystals accumulate in your joint, causing the inflammation and intense pain of a gout attack. Gout attacks can occur in the foot, especially the big toe joint.
  6. Flat Feet (Fallen Arches): This is a condition in which the arches on the inside of your feet are flattened, allowing the entire soles of your feet to touch the floor when you stand up.
  7. Achilles Tendinitis: This is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone.
  8. Ingrown Toenails: This is a common condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh. The result is pain, redness, swelling and, sometimes, an infection.
  9. Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis): This is a fungal infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tightfitting shoes.
  10. Plantar Warts: These are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus enters your body through tiny cuts, breaks or other weak spots on the bottom of your feet.