Ankle Pathologies


  1. Ankle Sprain: This is an injury to the ligaments that support the ankle, often caused by rolling, twisting, or turning the ankle in an awkward way. It can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty walking.
  2. Ankle Fracture: This is a break in one or more of the bones that make up the ankle joint. Symptoms can include severe pain, swelling, bruising, and inability to walk.
  3. Achilles Tendinitis: This is inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It’s often caused by overuse and can cause pain and stiffness along the back of the ankle.
  4. Ankle Impingement: This occurs when soft tissues around the ankle joint get pinched. It can happen in the front (anterior impingement) or back (posterior impingement) of the ankle.
  5. Ankle Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that can affect the ankle. It involves the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in the ankle joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and sometimes swelling.
  6. Gout: This is a type of arthritis that occurs when urate crystals accumulate in the ankle joint, causing inflammation and intense pain.
  7. Ankle Bursitis: This is inflammation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that cushions the ankle joint. It can cause pain and swelling.
  8. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: This is a compression, or squeezing, on the posterior tibial nerve that produces symptoms anywhere along the path of the nerve running from the inside of the ankle into the foot.
  9. Pilon Fractures: These are fractures that occur at the lower end of the tibia and involve the weight-bearing surface of the ankle joint.
  10. Ankle Instability: This is a condition characterized by the recurrent giving way of the outer (lateral) side of the ankle. This condition often develops after repeated ankle sprains.