1702 Female Reproductive Anatomy Study Resources

AcrosomeA cap-like structure over the nucleus of a sperm cell, containing enzymes crucial for fertilization as it helps the sperm penetrate the egg.
BlastocystA stage in early human embryonic development that consists of a fluid-filled cavity and precedes implantation into the uterine wall.
Broad LigamentA wide fold of peritoneum connecting the sides of the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis, providing support to the uterus.
CervixThe lower, narrow part of the uterus that opens into the vagina, with a canal that allows passage between the uterus and vagina.
CleavageA series of rapid cell divisions following fertilization, resulting in the embryo's progression from a zygote to a multicellular structure without growth in size.
Corpus LuteumA temporary endocrine structure in the ovary that secretes hormones, primarily progesterone, to prepare the endometrium for a potential pregnancy.
EndometriumThe lining of the uterus, which thickens during the menstrual cycle in preparation for possible implantation of an embryo.
Fallopian TubesTubes extending from the uterus to the ovaries, facilitating the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
FertilizationThe process by which a sperm cell and an ovum (egg) merge to form a zygote, initiating embryonic development.
FibroadenomaA benign, solid, noncancerous tumor in the breast.
FollicleA fluid-filled sac in the ovary that contains an immature egg (oocyte); it grows and matures in response to hormonal signals during the menstrual cycle.
FundusThe rounded upper part of the uterus.
GnRHGonadotropin-releasing hormone; released by the hypothalamus to stimulate the pituitary gland to secrete gonadotropins, which influence the menstrual cycle and ovulation.
LHLuteinizing hormone; released by the pituitary gland in response to GnRH, with a surge leading to ovulation.
MorulaAn early stage in the embryo development consisting of approximately 16 cells, resembling a mulberry, following the cleavage stage and preceding the blastocyst stage.
MyometriumThe thick, muscular layer of the uterus responsible for contractions during childbirth and menstruation.
Ovarian CystsFluid-filled sacs on the ovary, often forming during the process of ovulation and varying in type, from functional cysts related to the menstrual cycle to pathological cysts.
OvaryA reproductive organ in females that produces eggs (ova) and hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone.
OvulationThe release of an egg from the ovary into the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilized by sperm.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)A condition characterized by the presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries, leading to hormonal imbalances, irregular menstrual cycles, and fertility issues.
SpermatogenesisThe process of sperm development, from spermatids to fully mature sperm cells.
UreterA duct that carries urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
UterusA muscular organ in the female reproductive system where fetal development occurs; consists of the fundus, body, and cervix.
ZygoteThe first cell of a new individual formed immediately after the sperm and egg nuclei merge during fertilization.