|ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
|Stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol and other glucocorticoids, vital for stress response, metabolism, and immune function.
|ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)
|Also known as vasopressin, directed towards the kidneys to help the body retain water and regulate urine concentration.
|The front part of the pituitary gland that releases hormones regulated by the hypothalamus, influencing growth, metabolism, and reproductive functions.
|FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone)
|A gonadotropin acting on the ovaries and testicles to influence sex hormone production and gamete production.
|GH (Growth Hormone)
|Affects bone and muscle, promoting growth and development.
|A vital brain area located at the base of the brain, controlling many autonomic functions and influencing the pituitary gland's activity.
|LH (Luteinizing Hormone)
|A gonadotropin that acts on the ovaries and testicles, involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and ovulation in females, and testosterone production in males.
|MSH (Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone)
|Involved in skin pigmentation by influencing melanocytes in the skin.
|Specialized neurons in the hypothalamus that produce hormones affecting the pituitary gland.
|A structure where the optic nerves partially cross over, located in front of the hypothalamus, responsible for visual coordination.
|A hormone targeting the breasts and uterus, stimulating milk ejection and inducing contractions during childbirth, released by the posterior pituitary.
|Known as the "master gland," located below the hypothalamus, divided into the anterior and posterior pituitary, secreting various hormones that regulate bodily functions.
|The back part of the pituitary gland that stores and releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus, such as oxytocin and vasopressin.
|A thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland, involved in regulating metabolism and energy generation.
|Another thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland, crucial for metabolism and energy production.
|TRH (Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone)
|Produced by the hypothalamus, it stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete TSH.
|TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone)
|Secreted by the pituitary gland, it stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones (T3 and T4).
|The arteries and veins providing oxygenated blood to and carrying deoxygenated blood away from the pituitary gland, ensuring it receives nutrients and oxygen.