1505 Pituitary Gland Anatomy Study Resources

ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)Stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol and other glucocorticoids, vital for stress response, metabolism, and immune function.
ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)Also known as vasopressin, directed towards the kidneys to help the body retain water and regulate urine concentration.
Anterior PituitaryThe front part of the pituitary gland that releases hormones regulated by the hypothalamus, influencing growth, metabolism, and reproductive functions.
FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone)A gonadotropin acting on the ovaries and testicles to influence sex hormone production and gamete production.
GH (Growth Hormone)Affects bone and muscle, promoting growth and development.
HypothalamusA vital brain area located at the base of the brain, controlling many autonomic functions and influencing the pituitary gland's activity.
LH (Luteinizing Hormone)A gonadotropin that acts on the ovaries and testicles, involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and ovulation in females, and testosterone production in males.
MSH (Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone)Involved in skin pigmentation by influencing melanocytes in the skin.
Neurosecretory CellsSpecialized neurons in the hypothalamus that produce hormones affecting the pituitary gland.
Optic ChiasmA structure where the optic nerves partially cross over, located in front of the hypothalamus, responsible for visual coordination.
OxytocinA hormone targeting the breasts and uterus, stimulating milk ejection and inducing contractions during childbirth, released by the posterior pituitary.
Pituitary GlandKnown as the "master gland," located below the hypothalamus, divided into the anterior and posterior pituitary, secreting various hormones that regulate bodily functions.
Posterior PituitaryThe back part of the pituitary gland that stores and releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus, such as oxytocin and vasopressin.
T3 (Triiodothyronine)A thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland, involved in regulating metabolism and energy generation.
T4 (Thyroxine)Another thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland, crucial for metabolism and energy production.
TRH (Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone)Produced by the hypothalamus, it stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete TSH.
TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone)Secreted by the pituitary gland, it stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones (T3 and T4).
Vascular SupplyThe arteries and veins providing oxygenated blood to and carrying deoxygenated blood away from the pituitary gland, ensuring it receives nutrients and oxygen.