1502 Endocrine System Anatomy Study Resources

Adrenal GlandsGlands above the kidneys responsible for producing hormones like cortisol and adrenaline.
Adrenal MedullaThe inner part of the adrenal gland that secretes catecholamines in response to stress.
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)A hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to release cortisol.
AlveoliTiny air sacs in the lungs where gas exchange occurs.
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)A hormone that regulates water balance by reducing urine volume.
CalcitoninA hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers blood calcium levels.
CatecholaminesHormones, such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, that prepare the body for fight or flight response.
CortisolA glucocorticoid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that regulates metabolism and stress response.
Endocrine GlandsGlands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.
Exocrine GlandsGlands that secrete substances through ducts to an external or internal surface.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)A hormone that stimulates the maturation of ovarian follicles and spermatogenesis.
GlucagonA hormone produced by the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels.
Growth Hormone (GH)A hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration.
HormonesChemical messengers secreted by glands that regulate various bodily functions.
HypothalamusA region of the brain that links the nervous system to the endocrine system.
InsulinA hormone produced by the pancreas that lowers blood glucose levels.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)A hormone that triggers ovulation and testosterone production.
MelatoninA hormone produced by the pineal gland that regulates sleep patterns.
OxytocinA hormone that stimulates contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.
PancreasAn organ with both digestive and hormonal functions, producing insulin and glucagon.
Parathyroid GlandsGlands that regulate calcium levels in the blood.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)A hormone that increases blood calcium levels.
Pineal GlandA gland in the brain that produces melatonin.
Pituitary GlandThe "master gland" that regulates other hormone glands in the body.
ProlactinA hormone that stimulates milk production.
TestosteroneA hormone produced by the testes that influences male secondary sexual characteristics.
ThymusAn organ where T lymphocytes mature, crucial for the adaptive immune response.
Thyroid GlandA gland in the neck that produces hormones regulating metabolism and growth.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)A hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones.
TracheaThe windpipe, facilitating the passage of air to the lungs.