|Glands above the kidneys responsible for producing hormones like cortisol and adrenaline.
|The inner part of the adrenal gland that secretes catecholamines in response to stress.
|Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
|A hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to release cortisol.
|Tiny air sacs in the lungs where gas exchange occurs.
|Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
|A hormone that regulates water balance by reducing urine volume.
|A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers blood calcium levels.
|Hormones, such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, that prepare the body for fight or flight response.
|A glucocorticoid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that regulates metabolism and stress response.
|Glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.
|Glands that secrete substances through ducts to an external or internal surface.
|Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
|A hormone that stimulates the maturation of ovarian follicles and spermatogenesis.
|A hormone produced by the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels.
|Growth Hormone (GH)
|A hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration.
|Chemical messengers secreted by glands that regulate various bodily functions.
|A region of the brain that links the nervous system to the endocrine system.
|A hormone produced by the pancreas that lowers blood glucose levels.
|Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
|A hormone that triggers ovulation and testosterone production.
|A hormone produced by the pineal gland that regulates sleep patterns.
|A hormone that stimulates contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.
|An organ with both digestive and hormonal functions, producing insulin and glucagon.
|Glands that regulate calcium levels in the blood.
|Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
|A hormone that increases blood calcium levels.
|A gland in the brain that produces melatonin.
|The "master gland" that regulates other hormone glands in the body.
|A hormone that stimulates milk production.
|A hormone produced by the testes that influences male secondary sexual characteristics.
|An organ where T lymphocytes mature, crucial for the adaptive immune response.
|A gland in the neck that produces hormones regulating metabolism and growth.
|Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
|A hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones.
|The windpipe, facilitating the passage of air to the lungs.