1302 Liver and Gallbladder Study Resources

Bile DuctA green structure that carries bile from the liver cells to the gallbladder and then to the small intestine to aid in digestion.
Central VeinThe endpoint for blood processed by hepatocytes in a liver lobule, draining into the hepatic veins.
Common Bile DuctDelivers bile to the small intestine, formed by the convergence of the cystic duct and the common hepatic duct.
Falciform LigamentA sheet-like connective tissue that divides the liver into two main lobes and attaches it to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
GallbladderA small green structure below the liver that stores and concentrates bile produced by the liver.
GallstonesSolid particles that form from bile cholesterol or bilirubin in the gallbladder, potentially obstructing the flow of bile.
Hepatic ArteryProvides oxygenated blood to the liver, typically represented in red.
Hepatic LobulesHexagonal units consisting of plates of hepatocytes arranged around a central vein, the functional units of the liver.
Hepatic Portal TriadConsists of the hepatic portal vein, tiny branches of the hepatic artery, and bile ducts.
HepatocytesLiver cells responsible for filtering blood, metabolizing nutrients and drugs, and secreting bile.
Inferior Vena CavaA large vein carrying deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body back to the heart.
Pancreatic DuctTransports digestive enzymes from the pancreas to the duodenum.
Portal TriadsLocated at each corner of a liver lobule, composed of a branch of the portal vein, a branch of the hepatic artery, and a bile duct.
Portal VeinUsually depicted in blue, delivering nutrient-rich blood from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver.
Round LigamentA remnant of the fetal umbilical vein running along the free edge of the falciform ligament.
SinusoidsSmall channels in liver lobules, lined by fenestrated endothelium for efficient transfer of substances between the blood and hepatocytes.